Composting: Keep your kitchen scraps from fruits, vegetables, and coffee grounds in a composting bin or container. Try adding them to your garden or starting a compost site in the yard. You’ll grow a better garden, create deeper topsoil, recycle nutrients, and save landfill space.
Dishwasher: Run full loads in your dishwasher and save energy, and don’t pre-rinse your dishes before putting them in. Do both and you’ll save up to 75.70 liters of water per dish load, or 27633 liters over a year. That’s as much water as the average person drinks in a lifetime.
Food waste: When cooking and baking, try to avoid wasting food by using perishable ingredients before they spoil, measuring carefully, and saving leftovers for future meals instead of throwing them away. If you could reduce the amount of food wasted in your household by just 25 grams per day, you’d save twenty pounds of food annually.
Garbage disposal: Use cold water when you run your garbage disposal. Better yet, try not to use it at all by composting your food waste or disposing of it in the trash. Your drain will be less clogged, and you’ll save money on maintaining your septic system. Disposal waste can disrupt nutrient balances in water and soil ecosystems, which in turn can harm wildlife.
Microwave: Keep you microwave clean and you’ll be able to maximize its energy. This means less electricity used, less money spent, and less time cooking. Microwaves are between 3.5 and 4.8 times more energy efficient than traditional electric ovens. If it costs ten cents to cook one item in the microwave, it would cost forty-eight cents to cook the same item in a standard oven.
Preheating: If you’re boiling, roasting, or baking a dish that will cook for an hour or more, don’t bother preheating your oven. Even for breads and cakes, never preheat for longer than ten minutes. If you reduce the amount of time your oven is on by one hour per year, you’ll save an average of two kilowatt-hours of energy.
Refrigerator: Keep your head out of the refrigerator and the door closed! The refrigerator is the single biggest energy-consuming kitchen appliance, and opening the refrigerator door accounts for between 30 and 60 euros of a typical family’s electricity bill each year.
Storage containers: Instead of using plastic, store your food in glass or porcelain containers. Fewer chemicals will likely leach from the container into the food. Chemicals that transfer from plastic to food and from food to body may cause health risks.
Stove: Use the right-size pot on your stove burners. You could save about 36 euros annually for an electrical range or 18 euros for a gas range.
Trash bags: Use leftover paper or plastic bags al liners for your trash cans. You’ll save money and time shopping in the trash-liner bag aisle. The average cost of 20 kitchen trash bags is 5 euros. When one ton of plastic bag is reused, the energy equivalent of eleven barrels of oil is saved. When one ton of paper is reused, up to seventeen trees are spared.
Water filters: If you want to be sure the tap water in your house is clean, try installing water filters on your faucets instead of buying bottled water you’ll save money over time and get better-tasting water. You can buy a water filter for as little as 29 euros, or about a month’s worth of bottled water. About 1.5 million tons of plastic are used in the bottling of 89 billion litters of drinking water each year. That’s enough plastic to make two water filters for every household on the planet. One billion people around the world lack access to clean drinking water.
Source: The greenbook
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