The shape and color of turtles varies from species to species. Their upper shell is called the carapace, and a lower shell that protects the belly called the plastron. Besides the hardshell, there are also softshell turtle species. Turtles are cold-blooded reptiles and this article explains the different kind of species out there in the world.
The African Spurred Tortoise is the only tortoise in the world that has adapted fully for terrestrial life and it’s famous for digging burrows to protect itself from predators and the temperature. This turtle can go weeks without food or water. When it drinks water, however, it can drink up to 15% of its body weight.
Clemmys insculpta is the largest in its genus. It has raised projections on the back that resemble a small pyramid. It’s eats things like algae, moss, blueberries, mollusks, insects, earthworms, and mice and typically adult males are larger than adult females.
Adult green turtles have a different diet than juvenile green turtles. Adults are herbivores eating plants and juveniles are carnivores eating meat. Adults usually spend their time in seagrass and algae to get their food, and juveniles spend their time among the coral reef. Their preferred food is young leaves and roots of sea vegetation, while juveniles eat jellyfish, sponges, snails, bivalves, and other animals.
The sea turtle that has a broad, low, heart-shaped carapace. They spend most of their lives in the water but females return to the land to lay their eggs. The eggs take about two months to incubate, and then hatch. Temperature of the nest determines the sex of the hatchling. Warmer temperatures produce females, and cooler temperatures produce males.
The red-eared slider is found in the Southern regions Of US. When it’s young it is carnivorous, but as it ages they become more vegetarian. They are a medium size with a dark green oval shell and green with think yellow stripes legs. These turtles are found in most permanent slow-moving bodies of water, as they prefer areas with mud bottoms.
The spotted turtle is a small, black turtle that has a pattern on its smooth carapace with small yellow spots. Over time the spots may fade, making older turtles appear spotless. Male spotted turtles tend to have tan chins with brown eyes and the females tend to have yellow chins and orange eyes. They live in shallow wetlands areas, such as swamps, bogs, fens, and marshes. Spotted turtles are active during they day for the most part, but females are also active at night when they are nesting. Spotted turtles are preyed upon by bald eagles, skunks, and raccoons.
The Blanding’s turtle has a black carapace with tan to yellow spots on the scutes. Sometimes this turtle is confused with the box turtle because of similar appearances. It lives in clean, shallow water habitats, and likes abundant aquatic vegetation, and firm aquatic bottoms in ponds, lakes, marshes, and creeks. This turtle nests once a year usually from late May to early July and always during the night.
Diamondback Terrapin is a small to medium size turtle which feeds on sponges, gastropods, crabs and plant material. They have a hingeless plastron, yellow to green or black in color, and an oblong carapace is gray, light brown or black. Nesting for these turtles is during the day and high tide is the most usual time for this particular turtle to nest.
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